The Wonders of Asian Lemon Bamboo: A Comprehensive Guide

9 min read
April 28

Welcome to our comprehensive guide on the vibrant and versatile Asian Lemon Bamboo (Bambusa eutuldoides viridivittata), a clumping evergreen plant that boasts bright lemon yellow canes with stunning green stripes and dark green leaves. Originally from China, this captivating species is a visual delight. Its colorful new shoots also exhibit an array of pink and peach tones, making it a showstopper in any landscape or garden.

In this guide, we will delve into the origins and history of the Asian Lemon Bamboo (common name), exploring its journey from its native habitats to gardens across the globe. You will also learn about the cultural significance of this beautiful bamboo variety, cherished in various Asian cultures for centuries for more than its spectacular colors.



Eye-catching Species

Yellow Culms, Green Stripes, and New Culms of Pink and Peach Tones!

Asian Lemon is a medium-sized bamboo renowned for its stunning visual appeal. Once established, the plant's vibrant lemon yellow culms, which can reach heights up to 30 feet, are adorned with striking deep green stripes. These colors create a beautiful contrast that adds a touch of elegance to any landscape, garden, or interior design. New culms are beautified by pink and peach tones with green stripes. The leaves are lance-shaped and dark green, providing a beautiful contrast to the vibrant yellow culms.

Fast-growing and Low-maintenance

Another appealing feature of Asian Lemon clumping bamboo plants is their fast growth rate. With the ability to grow several feet in a year, this plant is an excellent option for those looking to quickly create a front yard garden, natural barrier, or privacy screening with an ornamental plant. Additionally, Asian Lemon is relatively low-maintenance, requiring only primary care, such as watering and occasional pruning, to thrive.

Growth Habits and Patterns

Asian Lemon Bamboo exhibits a moderate growth rate, with new growth emerging from the ground in late spring or early summer. These pink shoots grow rapidly, reaching their full stunning height within a few weeks, after which they will continue to gain girth and strength over the next two to three years.

The growth pattern of Asian Lemon forms a dense and symmetrical clump. This bright yellow clump expands outward as new shoots emerge, but it maintains a well-defined shape, making it an ideal choice for garden or landscaping projects requiring a neat and orderly appearance.

One of the major concerns when planting bamboo is its potential to become invasive and spread uncontrollably. However, Asian Lemon Bamboo is a clumping bamboo, meaning its growth is limited to a compact area. Unlike running bamboo, which sends out rhizomes (underground stems) that can spread aggressively, clumping bamboo has a more restrained, predictable growth habit. This characteristic makes Asian Lemon Bamboo safer and more manageable for gardeners and landscapers.

Climate Requirements and Adaptations

Asian Lemon Bamboo is a versatile species that can thrive in a wide range of climates. It is frost tolerant (cold hardy) down to USDA Zone 8b, which means it can tolerate temperatures as low as 21°F. However, it also performs well in warmer, more tropical climates.

This yellow bamboo species prefers well-draining soil and can tolerate full sun and partial shade. It strongly resists pests and diseases, making it a low-maintenance option for your garden or landscape.

Comparison with Other Bamboo Species

Compared to other bamboo species, Asian Lemon is a medium-sized variety with a non-invasive growth habit. Its distinct lemon-colored canes with green stripes set it apart from other species, making it a popular choice for decorative purposes. Additionally, its adaptability to various climates and resistance to pests make it an excellent choice for experienced and novice gardeners.

Night-time landscaping featuring Asian Lemon bamboo


Uses of Asian Lemon: Tradition, Industry, Cuisine, and Decoration


Traditional and Cultural Significance

Asian Lemon is a beautiful Chinese bamboo that has been essential and highly treasured in China and various Asian cultures for centuries. Its symbolism and significance are deeply rooted in the traditions of the region.


In Chinese culture, bamboo symbolizes virtues like flexibility, resilience, and modesty. The lemon yellow and green-striped appearance of the Asian Lemon Bamboo, in particular, is associated with wealth and prosperity in its native country.


During the Lunar New Year, Asian Lemon is commonly used as a decorative bright yellow and green element to create good luck and ward off negative energy. It is often paired with other plants like orchids and plum blossoms to symbolize longevity, purity, and perseverance.

Practical and Industrial Applications

Asian Lemon is prized for its strength and versatility, making it an ideal material for various applications.


The strength and flexibility of the Asian Lemon make it an excellent material for scaffolding, bridges, and housing construction. It is trendy in rural areas, readily available, and relatively inexpensive.

Furniture and Crafts

Asian Lemon Bamboo's durability, lightweight nature, and unique appearance have made it popular for creating furniture, handicrafts, and home accessories like baskets, mats, and window blinds.


Decorative and Ornamental Purposes

Asian Lemon Bamboo (Bambusa Eutuldoides "Viridivittata") is highly valued for its ornamental appeal, both indoors and outdoors.


Landscaping and Gardening

The vibrant yellow and green-striped culms of Asian Lemon make it a good choice for a focal point specimen in any yard or garden. This eye-catching species can create privacy screens, living fences, or as a focal point in gardens and parks. Its tall, slender growth makes an excellent natural privacy hedge or windbreak. Its unique, beautiful coloration adds visual interest to any front yard or outdoor space as an ornamental plant. Asian Lemon stays in one place because it's a clumping bamboo. Still, it is also an attractive option for container gardening, as the lower branches can be easily trimmed to a desired height and maintained at a smaller size.

Furniture and Home Décor

The durability and aesthetic appeal of Asian Lemon has also made it a popular material for furniture and home décor items. From chairs and tables to picture frames and decorative accents, bamboo's versatility, quality, and sustainability make it an eco-friendly alternative to traditional hardwoods. Asian Lemon bamboo's distinctive coloration adds a unique touch to any interior design, seamlessly blending style, beautiful coloration, and function. Asian Lemon is often grown in pots as a decorative houseplant, providing a touch of elegance and tranquility to any living space. Its air-purifying properties make it a popular choice for improving indoor air quality.

Eco-friendly and Sustainable

One of the most significant advantages of using Asian Lemon in various applications is its sustainability. Bamboo is one of the fastest-growing plants on Earth, making it a highly renewable resource. Unlike traditional hardwoods, which can take decades to mature, bamboo can be harvested in just a few years, reducing the impact on forests and ecosystems. Moreover, bamboo cultivation requires minimal intervention, making it eco-friendly for those looking to reduce their environmental footprint.


Culinary Uses of Asian Lemon Bamboo Plants


A Versatile Ingredient

Asian Lemon bamboo plants are visually appealing and versatile in various dishes. The plant's tender shoots can be harvested and used in multiple recipes, from stir-fries and salads to soups and noodle dishes. In many Southeast Asian cuisines, the bamboo plants' shoots are considered a delicacy, prized for their subtle, slightly sweet flavor and crunchy texture.

Rich in Nutrients

Bamboo shoots are not only delicious but also highly nutritious. They are low in calories and fat and an excellent dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals source. Bamboo shoots are rich in potassium, which is vital in maintaining proper fluid balance and muscle function. They also contain smaller amounts of vitamins A and C, calcium, and iron, contributing to a well-rounded, nutrient-dense diet.


How to Grow and Care for Asian Lemon Bamboo


Planting and Growing Conditions

Asian Lemon thrives in USDA plant hardiness zones from Zone 8b through Zone 11, preferring warm, humid climates. This bamboo plant can tolerate a range of soil types but prefers well-draining soil with a slightly acidic to neutral pH level. Asian Lemon should be planted in a location that receives at least 4-6 hours of direct sunlight daily, though it can handle partial shade.

Watering and Fertilizing

Keep your Asian Lemon healthy! It's essential to provide it with consistent moisture. The soil should be kept moist but not waterlogged, which can lead to root rot. During the hot summer, you may need to water your bamboo more frequently to prevent the soil from drying out. Bamboo is a heavy feeder, so providing a balanced, slow-release fertilizer twice a year – once in the spring and again in the summer – will promote healthy growth.

Pruning and Maintenance

Regular pruning is essential to maintain the shape and size of new shoots on your Asian Lemon. Prune the plant in late winter or early spring, removing any dead or damaged culms and thinning out older growth to promote new, healthy new growth. You can also trim the top of the bamboo to control its height and remove any unwanted side branches. If you're using it as a focal point, simply trim it to your desired look.



In conclusion, Asian Lemon Bamboo is a unique and attractive species that offers beauty, manageability, and versatility. Its striking and unusual appearance and clumping growth habit make it an ideal addition to various landscaping and garden projects. At the same time, its adaptability to different climates ensures it can thrive in multiple environments. By understanding the various uses and benefits of Asian Lemon, you can fully appreciate the remarkable qualities of this beautiful clumping bamboo.



How fast does Asian Lemon (Bambusa Eutuldoides "Viridivittata") bamboo grow?

Asian Lemon will reach a stunning height of 25 to 30 feet in a few years and have a tight and clean clump with 1in thick, culm to about 5ft in width during the next several years.

What zone is Asian Lemon bamboo in?

Asian Lemon Bamboo tolerates partial shade as long as full sun and is perfect for various outdoor and garden spaces. It is easily growable and maintained by moist, well-drained soils.

Is Asian Lemon invasive?

Asian Lemon is a great example of a clumping bamboo species, meaning its growth habit is less aggressive than running bamboo varieties. Clumping bamboo grows in tight, circular clusters, slowly expanding outwards. While it is less invasive than running bamboo, it can still spread over time, so it is essential to monitor its growth and take appropriate containment measures if necessary.

Can I grow Asian Lemon indoors?

Yes, you can grow Asian Lemon indoors if you provide it with the appropriate growing conditions. Ensure the plant receives ample sunlight, ideally placing it near a south-facing window or supplementing natural light with grow lights. Ensure proper humidity levels and regularly water the plant to keep the soil moist. It is also crucial to purchase a large container to accommodate the bamboo's growth and repot the plant as needed.

What pests and diseases affect Asian Lemon bamboo?

Asian Lemon bamboo is generally resistant to most pests and diseases. However, some potential issues may arise, such as:

  1. Bamboo mites: These tiny spider mites can cause yellowing and stippling on the leaves. To mitigate bamboo mites, you can use insecticidal soap, horticultural oil, or predatory insects such as ladybugs.

  2. Aphids: These tiny insects can cause leaves to curl and may produce a sticky substance called honeydew, leading to sooty mold growth on the plants. Try releasing beneficial insects like ladybugs or insecticidal soap to restrain aphids.

  3. Mealybugs: These pests can cause leaf distortion and may also produce honeydew, leading to sooty mold growth. To manage mealybugs, apply insecticidal soap or neem oil.

  4. Fungal diseases: While rare, Asian Lemon bamboo can be impacted by fungal infections that cause leaf spots or blights. To prevent fungal diseases, ensure proper air circulation around the plant, avoid over-watering, and remove any affected leaves to prevent the spread of infection.

  5. Rodents: In some cases, rodents like voles may damage the base of bamboo culms or eat the roots. To deter rodents, use physical barriers or repellents and ensure the area around the bamboo is clear of debris that could provide shelter for these pests.

How do I dry and preserve Asian Lemon bamboo culms for use in crafts and construction?

To dry and preserve Asian Lemon (Bambusa Eutuldoides "Viridivittata") culms, follow these steps:

  1. Harvest mature culms: Choose at least three years old, as they will be stronger and less prone to splitting.

  2. Remove branches and leaves: Use a sharp knife or pruning shears to remove branches and leaves from the bamboo culms.

  3. Treat the culms: To prevent insect infestation and decay, treat the culms with borax and boric acid dissolved in water. Soak the culms in the solution for several days, ensuring they are fully submerged.

  4. Dry the culms: Place the treated culms in a well-ventilated area, out of direct sunlight, and allow them to air-dry for several weeks. Rotate the culms periodically to ensure even drying.

  5. Store the culms: Once completely dry, store them in a cool, dry location, away from direct sunlight and moisture, until you are ready to use them for your projects.